Handouts

Over the last few years, Speech & Language Development Australia has developed more than 150 handouts to ensure educators are provided with current information and practical tools to use in their classroom.

Each month we will showcase a selection of our  handouts, as well as our top handouts that are a must read.

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  • Understanding Language Disorder
    Understanding Language Disorder

    Children with Language Disorder are as able and healthy as other children. With one exception, they have great difficulty thinking about, understanding and using language. They are often as intelligent as other children their age, but still have difficulties with language. There may be no outward signs of disability and no obvious physical indicators of a problem. For this reason, Language Disorder is also known as a ‘hidden disability’ affecting 1 in 14 children.

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  • Typical Speech Sound Development

    Developing the ability to communicate using clear speech sounds is an important part of early childhood development. Speech sound acquisition is a gradual process that is different for every child, and there is a wide range of ‘normal’ speech development. However, knowing what typical speech sound development looks like can be helpful in deciding whether a child’s speech needs further investigation.

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  • Typical Language Development- Birth to 2 years

    Children grow and develop at different rates. However, most pass through developmental milestones in a progressive and predictable pattern, with skills building from simple to complex over time. For example, a typically developing child will begin babbling single syllables (4-6 months) before using multiple syllables (7-9 months), and then progress to using meaningful words (12-18 months).

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  • Typical Language Development- 2-4 years

    Children grow and develop at different rates. However, most pass through developmental milestones in a progressive and predictable pattern, with skills building from simple to complex over time.

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  • Typical Language Development- 4-8 years

    Children grow and develop at different rates. However, most pass through developmental milestones in a progressive and predictable pattern, with skills building from simple to complex over time.

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  • Foundations for Learning Framework

    The ‘Foundations for Learning’ framework, developed by Speech & Language Development Australia (SALDA), provides a useful visual to understand and explore the various domains of development. All children develop skills within these domains at different rates. It is important to understand a child’s strengths and areas of need to support their access to learning. This handout will explain the different domains to support a holistic understanding of students with Language Disorder.

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  • Colour Coding Language

    The impact of language deficits commonly results in difficulties with reading and writing. When high demands are placed on decoding and encoding, meaning is lost when reading and grammatical difficulties surface when writing. Colour coding can add another layer of meaning to help students make sense of text.

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  • Syntax

    Language can be separated into three components: form, content, and use. Form includes using the correct words and word structures in the correct order to form grammatically correct language. Content refers to word meanings and the relationships between words. Use refers to verbal and nonverbal conventions used in social situations and conversations. Children must develop skills in each of these areas to be competent language users.

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  • Forming Complex Sentences

    Students with Language Disorder often experience difficulties in forming sentences with complex grammatical structures. They may have trouble sequencing events to tell a story, or joining ideas together using appropriate conjunctions. This can make it difficult for children to express complex ideas or higher-level concepts. Children who have difficulty forming complex spoken sentences often have similar difficulties in their written language.

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  • Morphology

    Morphology refers to the structure and construction of words. Morphology skills require an understanding and use of the appropriate structure of a word, such as word roots, prefixes, and affixes (called morphemes).

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  • Shape Coding

    Shape Coding was developed by Susan Ebbels, a Speech Pathologist from the United Kingdom, and her colleagues who used the system to teach spoken and written grammar to school-aged students with Language Disorder. It focuses on “showing” the structure of a sentence, which helps students to link the sentence structure (syntax) with its meaning (semantics). The tool is designed to gradually be reduced as students begin to understand and use appropriate grammatical structures.

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